This are some commands you might find yourself using in a batch file....
the list is just to make you familiar with some commands...
For those of us who already know a little of MS-DOS commands, we will know that they are not case sensitive and just like all MS-DOS commands, all batch file commands are not case sensitive as well However, all commands listed below are in caps to help you identify what is a command and what is not.
|@||Does not echo back the text after the at symbol. This is most commonly used as @ECHO OFF to prevent any of the commands in the batch file from being displayed, just the information needed.|
|%1||The percent followed by a numeric value, beginning with one, allows users to add variables within a batch file. The below line is an example of what can be used in a batch file. ECHO Hello %1|
When the above one-line batch file is created, add your name after the batch file. For example, typing myname (being the name of the bat file) and then your name:
Note: This can be extended to %2, %3, and so on.
|::||One of two ways of adding remarks into the batch file without displaying or executing that line when the batch file is run.|
Unlike REM this line will not show regardless if ECHO off is in the batch file.
|:LABEL||By adding a colon in front of a word, such as LABEL, you create a category, more commonly known as a label. This allows you to skip to certain sections of a batch file such as the end of the batch file. Also see GOTO.|
|CALL||This is used to run another batch file within a batch file. When the batch file that is called is completed, the remainder of the original batch file is completed. Note if the batch file does not exist it will give an error message.|
|CHOICE||See running different programs for an example of how to use this command. |
|CLS||Just like the DOS command would clear your screen. |
|ECHO||Will echo a message in the batch file. Such as ECHO Hello World will print Hello World on the screen when executed. However, without @ECHO OFF at the beginning of the batch file you'll also get "ECHO Hello World" and "Hello World." Finally, if you'd just like to create a blank line, type ECHO. adding the period at the end creates an empty line.|
|EXIT||Exits out of the DOS window if the batch file is running from Windows. |
|GOTO LABEL||Used to go to a certain label, such as LABEL. An example of GOTO would be to GOTO END. For an example of this see running different programs. |
|IF||Used to check for a certain condition if the condition exists. If that condition exists it will perform that function. To see an example of this see running different programs. |
|PAUSE||Prompt the user to press any key to continue.|
|REM||One of two ways of adding remarks into the batch file without displaying or executing that line when the batch file is run.|
|SHIFT||Changes the position of replaceable parameters in a batch program. |
|START||Used for Windows 95, Windows 98, and Windows NT 4.0 and above to start a windows application; such as START C:\WINDOW\CALC would run the Windows Calculator. Users running Windows 3.x need to utilize the WIN command. For example, WIN C:\Windows\CALC.EXE would run Windows and then Calculator after Windows has finished loading. |